Battle of Buxar
Monday, 22nd October 1764
On this day in 1764 the British East India Company defeated the combined armies of Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal, the Nawab of Awadh, and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. The battle fought at Buxar, then within the territory of Bengal, a town located on the bank of the Ganges river about 130 km west of Patna, was a decisive victory for the British East India Company. British troops engaged in the fighting numbered 7,072 comprising 857 British, 5,297 Indian sepoys and 918 Indian cavalry. The alliance army's numbers were estimated to be over 40,000. By other sources,the combined army of the Mughals, Awadh and Mir Qasim consisting of 40,000 men were defeated by a British army of 10,000 men.